The West cannot ignore Ethiopia’s latest agonyThe West cannot ignore Ethiopia’s latest agony



Aleksandar Nacev

Violence in Ethiopia’s northern state of Tigray has escalated in recent weeks, with hundreds of soldiers and an untold number of civilians killed in a worsening dispute between regional forces and the national government. The long-simmering tensions between Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s government in Addis Ababa and leaders from the country’s northern Tigray region have spilled out into the open and hundreds of people have been reported dead. The escalation in hostilities has spurred a mass exodus from parts of the region, with tens of thousands of people fleeing over the border into Sudan.

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CSR at the „NATO Academy 2020“CSR at the „NATO Academy 2020“



Today, Tamara Mitkovska as a representative from the Center for Security Research, participated in the „NATO Academy 2020“. Today’s lecture included Col. Zoran Jankovic, Chief of the NATO Liaison Office Skopje, who talked about topics such as the structure of NATO; politics, operations and decision-making within NATO; Macedonia’s membership in NATO. This Academy included 45 students and young professionals from the country and from abroad.

Online meeting with the “Begin-Sadat Center for strategic studies”Online meeting with the “Begin-Sadat Center for strategic studies”



As part of our strategy in building solid relations between the Center for Security Research in Skopje and leading international security research institutions, as well within the CSR framework for international cooperation, today we launched a new joint-program for cooperation between the Center for Security Research in Skopje and our international partner, the leading Israeli Institute in the field of Security research “Begin-Sadat Center for strategic studies” of Bir Ilan University. In the meeting, we outlined the future scope of work and defined the common areas of study between both organizations. The CSR aims to expand the understanding of international affairs, focusing on inter-relationship between security, conflict, and development, as well to assist governmental institutions in the Republic of Macedonia in understanding and dealing with modern security challenges through research and analysis.

Cybersecurity basics more important than ever in the new normal of remote workCybersecurity basics more important than ever in the new normal of remote work



Blagoja Janakievski

In this new work-from-anywhere environment that we’re all in thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic, cybersecurity, trust, and protecting customer data is more important than ever. We saw the largest workforce transmit transformation in history as everyone went remote almost overnight in March 2020.

The best thing that any business can do in securing yourself, especially as adapting to this new environment, this new work from anywhere environment, is to nail the basics. There are a small number of really important cybersecurity hygiene actions, so think about it in the current climate as washing your hands from a cybersecurity perspective, that businesses can do to really eliminate the risk associated with a lot of common cybersecurity threats. So some examples of this are enabling strong multi-factor authentication or ensuring that you’re rapidly patching all of your devices to it to inoculate them against known vulnerabilities, to prevent things like ransomware attacks. And then finally, treating cybersecurity like a team sport, building a culture of awareness in your company so that all the employees in your company can act like security trailblazers.

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Discussion on European security challenges and threatsDiscussion on European security challenges and threats



The Center for security research organized a Discussion on European challenges and threats, which focuses on the most relevant and most credible threats to security. The lecturers icluded the Director of the CSR Aleksandar Nacev PhD, talked about the assymetric methods and techniques on foreign electoral interference, and m-r Rabiè W. Sédrâk, the special advisor for counter terrorism at the CSR, who talked about the terrorist threats, strategies and tactics through an analysis of lessons learned in the Middle East.

The event included guests from the foreign diplomatic missions accredited in Macedonia, representatives from international organizations, academics and colleagues from other research institutions from the country and the region of the Middle East.

War in the Caucasus threatens Europe’s gas lifelineWar in the Caucasus threatens Europe’s gas lifeline



Aleksandar Nacev

International concern is growing over the rapidly escalating turmoil in the South Caucasus, as fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan continues and is threatening to draw regional powers directly into the conflict, destabilising an area that serves as an important energy corridor for global markets.

The clashes that erupted on the Armenia-Azerbaijan border are threatening to push the countries back to another prolonged war 26 years after the last ceasefire was reached. The last Nagorno-Karabakh War took place from February 1988 to May 1994, in the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave in southwestern Azerbaijan, between the majority ethnic Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh backed by Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan.

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Crime and its Profits from the Corona CrisisCrime and its Profits from the Corona Crisis



Tamara Mitkovska

From December until today, we are facing a disease that took the world by surprise. The pandemic caused an economic and social crisis that diverted the attention of the authorities from crime. Police and the military are being used to implement quarantine, many businesses have collapsed and many jobs have been lost. Hospitals have been, and still are, overflooded with patients for whom there is no cure, and those suffering from other diseases have remained almost neglected. This set of circumstances is ideal for the rise of criminal activity around the world.

In the overall situation we are in, we wonder where are the additional activities of the police during the pandemic? Until now, they have included enforcing curfews, as well as conducting state quarantine,compliance with the orders for self-isolation, supporting the staff from public health facilities in establishing contacts with an infected person, specific tasks and responsibilities of border police officers, and so on. It is more than clear that these additional activities carry an additional, but also a very large burden on the already stretched resources. (more…)

Cyber Espionage and its ImpactsCyber Espionage and its Impacts



Blagoja Janakievski

In the newest operational warfare domain, cyberspace, there are armies of nefarious hackers from around the globe who use cyber warfare for economic, political, or military gain. One aspect of cyber warfare that needs to be looked upon more closely is cyber espionage. Cyber spying is the act of engaging in an attack or series of attacks that let an unauthorized user or users view classified of sensitive material. These attacks are often subtle, amounting to nothing more than an unnoticed bit of code or process running in the background of a mainframe or personal workstation, and the target is usually a corporate or government entity. The goal is typically to acquire intellectual property or government secrets. Attacks can be motivated by greed or profit, and can be used in conjunction with a military operation or as an act of terrorism. Consequences can range from loss of competitive advantage to loss of materials, data, infrastructure, or loss of life. (more…)

Psychological aspects of modern warfarePsychological aspects of modern warfare



Aleksandar Nacev

While war has long been viewed as a competition between adversaries, peace has been defined by absence of such conflict. But what happens when the line between war and peace is blurred and hardly visible? Countries today face a number of actors who use a wide range of political, informational, military, and economic measures to influence, coerce, intimidate, or undermine its interests or those of its friends and allies. To accomplish military goals without putting one’s nation, civilians, or even opposition troops at mortal risk is certainly the ideal manner in which to win a war. (more…)